Long-term health difficulties, business disruption and displacement costs are all hurting residents and U.S. small businesses affected by hazardous contamination. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) designates as Superfund sites any land
in the United States that has been contaminated by hazardous waste, and is a risk to human health and the environment. These sites are placed on the National Priorities List (NPL).
The NPL is the list of over 1,100 sites in the U.S. with known releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants. Of those, there are 86 in New York State alone.