The National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine were chartered by Congress to provide nonpartisan, objective guidance to decision makers on pressing issues. For over 150 years, the Academies have provided timely recommendations that have informed
major legislation. A recent example of legislation that benefited directly from National Academies recommendations are the America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science (America COMPETES) Act of 2007,
which implemented recommendations from the Academies report “Rising Above the Gathering Storm.”  Another example is NASA authorization and appropriations bills, which are informed
by the National Research Council’s Decadal Surveys.