On December 2, 2016, contrary to a bipartisan House bill (H.R. 5090) cosponsored by 176 Members of Congress and over the unanimous objection of U.S. aviation labor stakeholders, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) issued a foreign air carrier permit
to Norwegian Air International (NAI). NAI is “Norwegian” in name only, having established itself in Ireland to avoid Norway’s strong labor protections and employing crews on cheap, short-term contracts governed under Singapore law. The controversial decision
to grant NAI a permit encourages opportunistic airlines to continue this “race to the bottom” in international civil aviation, threatening U.S. carriers’ ability to compete in critical international markets.