The Chinese government and Communist Party’s global influence operations and disinformation campaigns are increasingly a threat to U.S. interests and those of our allies. These efforts are extensive and not well understood, often
employing press manipulation, economic coercion, targeted investments, the infiltration of nongovernmental organizations, and academic censorship to coerce and corrupt United States institutions or individuals and shape a world antithetical to U.S. values
and interests. Such efforts are often called “sharp power” operations.