The proliferation of firearms and other small arms to terrorist groups and transnational criminal organizations poses a significant threat to our national security. Currently, the State Department is in charge of reviewing applications for licenses to export
small arms and light weapons. However, the administration is proposing to transfer this oversight authority to the Commerce Department; under a rule expected to in early 2018, the administration would begin to move items from the United States Munitions List
(which is managed by the State Department) to the Commerce Control List (which is managed by the Commerce Department).