In recent years we have seen communities battered by extreme weather, including storm surge, heavy downpours, and tropical storms. In 2016, the President issued 46 major disaster declarations in 27 States for events ranging from the effects of Hurricane
Matthew on the East Coast, to severe flooding in Kentucky and Louisiana, to wildfires in Tennessee. These catastrophes strain the ability of local authorities to effectively respond and despite advances in disaster preparedness, many communities remain vulnerable
to catastrophic events.