Sending Office: Honorable Al Green
Become an Original Co-Sponsor
Commemorate Black History Month
I would like to invite you to become an original co-sponsor of my resolution below, commemorating National Black History Month. As you know, Black History Month is celebrated each year in the United States during the month of February. This month-long celebration
is a time when all Americans of every race and ethnicity are given the opportunity to study the untold and “under told” history of African Americans and their contributions to American society and human civilization.
Black History Month was originally established as Negro History Week in 1926 by Dr. Carter G. Woodson, an African American author and scholar. Dr. Woodson established the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in 1915 and worked tirelessly to highlight
the contribution of African Americans to our nation’s history. He chose the second week of February for Negro History Week because it marks the birthdays of two men who greatly influenced the African American population, Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln.
2020 theme, “African Americans and the Vote,” marks the centennial of the Nineteenth Amendment and the culmination of the women’s suffrage movement. The year 2020 also marks the sesquicentennial of the Fifteenth Amendment (1870) and the right of black men
to the ballot after the Civil War. The resolution speaks, therefore, to the ongoing struggle on the part of both black men and black women for the right to vote.
Black history is American history. Please help us recognize the great contributions of all Americans by joining us in commemorating Black History Month. To become an original co-sponsor, please contact Niha Razi in Congressman Al Green’s at 5-7508 or
Niha.Razi@mail.house.gov by COB TODAY.
Member of Congress
Recognizing and celebrating the significance of Black History Month.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February XX, 2020
Mr. Green of Texas (for himself, ___) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on
Recognizing and celebrating the significance of Black History Month.
Whereas the theme for Black History Month 2020 is “African Americans and the Vote,” which emphasizes the lessons we have learned from the struggle for voting rights for African American men and women, and the continued challenges they face in exercising that
Whereas African American men first obtained the right to vote following the Civil War with the ratification of the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1870;
Whereas this year marks the 150th anniversary of the ratification of the 15th Amendment;
Whereas the 15th Amendment states that the “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude;”
Whereas following the ratification of the 15th Amendment, many states, particularly in the South, enacted poll taxes, literacy tests, and other means of disenfranchising African Americans;
Whereas women of all ethnicities gained the right to vote in 1920 when the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified;
Whereas this year marks the centennial of the ratification of the 19th Amendment;
Whereas the 19th Amendment states that the “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex;”
Whereas in 1965, nearly a century after the ratification of the 15th Amendment; the Voting Rights Act was signed into law;
Whereas the Voting Rights Act of 1965 prohibited the use of literacy tests and provided for federal oversight of voter registration in areas where less than 50 percent of the non-white population had not registered to vote, among other provisions;
Whereas the Voting Rights Act of 1965 also required jurisdictions with a history of voter suppression to obtain “preclearance’ from the federal government for any new voting practice or procedure;
Whereas in 1969, four years after the enactment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, sixty-one percent of nationwide voter-age African Americans were registered to vote, up substantially from the pre-1965 level of twenty-three percent nationally;
Whereas in 2013, the Supreme Court, in the case Shelby County, Alabama v. Holder,
invalidated the preclearance provision of the Voting Rights Act;
Whereas since 2013, states that were previously subject to preclearance have enacted strict voter identification requirements, restricted opportunities for people to register to vote, reduced early or absentee voting, and made it harder to restore voting rights
to people with criminal convictions;
Whereas in 1870, Senator Hiram Revels of Mississippi and Congressman Joseph Rainey of South Carolina became the first African Americans to serve in the United States Congress;
Whereas Senator Edward Brooke III became the first African American popularly elected to the Senate and the first Black politician from Massachusetts to serve in Congress, and prior to being elected to the Senate, he was the first African-American attorney
general of any State in 1962;
Whereas Senator Brooke’s election ended an 85-year absence of African-American Senators and he represented Massachusetts in the Senate from 1967 to 1979, and during his senatorial career, he co-wrote the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibited discrimination
Whereas Judge Frank Minis Johnson, Jr., served on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, and the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, and in each capacity, Judge Johnson courageously
worked to advance the constitutional principles of freedom and equality;
Whereas the insight and constitutional judgment of Judge Johnson were invaluable and aided the Supreme Court as it recognized the violations and injustices in our Nation during the civil rights movement, and without Judge Johnson’s judicious temperament, constitutional
mindset, and dedication to rule of law, the civil rights movement would have been at a great disadvantage;
Whereas African Americans in all walks of life have made significant contributions throughout the history of the United States, including through the—
(1) music of Louis Armstrong, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Mahalia Jackson, Francis Johnson, Prince, and Bessie Smith;
(2) writings of Maya Angelou, James Baldwin, W.E.B. Du Bois, Ralph Ellison, Alex Haley, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Toni Morrison, Alice Walker, Booker T. Washington, and Richard Wright;
(3) publications of The North Star, The Crisis Magazine, Ebony Magazine, Jet Magazine, Essence Magazine, Black Enterprise Magazine, The National Association of Black Journalists (NABJ), Sister 2 Sister Magazine, and Uptown Magazine;
(4) resolve of athletes such as Muhammad Ali, Arthur Ashe, Althea Gibson, Lebron James, Michael Jordan, Colin Kaepernick, Joe Louis, Jesse Owens, Frederick “Fritz” Pollard, Jackie Robinson, Wilma Rudolph, Bill Russell, Venus Williams, and Serena Williams;
(5) scientific advancements of Benjamin Banneker, George Washington Carver, George Crum, Charles Drew, Sarah Goode, Euphemia Lofton Haynes, Mae Jemison, Thomas Jennings, Katherine Johnson, Norbert Rillieux, Neil deGrasse Tyson, and Granville T. Woods;
(6) vision of leaders such as Mary McLeod Bethune, Shirley Chisholm, Frederick Douglass, Fred Hampton, Marsha P. Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, Huey Newton, and Malcolm X; and
(7) bravery of those who stood on the front lines in the battle against oppression, such as Sojourner Truth, Fannie Lou Hammer, and Rosa Parks;
Whereas Negro History Week represented the culmination of Dr. Carter G. Woodson’s efforts to enhance knowledge of Black history started through the Journal of Negro History, published by Woodson’s Association for the Study of African American Life and History;
Whereas the month of February is officially celebrated as Black History Month, which dates to 1926 when Dr. Carter G. Woodson set aside a special period of time in February to recognize the heritage and achievement of Black Americans; and
Whereas the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass inspired the creation of Negro History Week, the precursor to Black History Month: Now, therefore, be it
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This resolution may be cited as the “Original Black History Month Resolution of 2020”.
SEC. 2. RECOGNIZING AND CELEBRATING BLACK HISTORY MONTH.
(1) recognizes the importance of commemorating Black History Month as it acknowledges the achievements of African Americans throughout our Nation’s history and encourages the continuation of its celebration to raise the awareness of this community’s accomplishments
for all Americans;
e-Dear Colleague version 2.0