Sending Office: Honorable Lois Frankel
Equal Pay Day, recognized this year on April 2, symbolizes how far into 2019 women must work to earn what men were paid in 2018 alone. To highlight this critical disparity, we will introduce the Equal Pay Day Resolution on Tuesday, April 2. We hope you will
join us as a cosponsor.
More than fifty years after passage of the Equal Pay Act, women comprise almost 50 percent of the American workforce, driving innovations that make our economy the most dynamic in the world. Despite these achievements, women still earn on average
80 cents for every dollar made by men.
Closing the wage gap is not simply an issue of fairness; it is also an economic imperative. As we look for ways to strengthen the middle class and support American families, closing the wage gap should be a top priority for Congress. Many women are the sole
or co- breadwinners in their families, yet in 2017 made nearly $10,169 less than men for full time, year-round work, a difference that directly impacts their lives and families. This gap means less money that could be saved for the future, or used to purchase
For a woman working full time year-round, the current wage gap represents a loss of more than $400,000 over the course of her career. The wage gap also impacts women’s ability to save for retirement and their total Social Security and pension benefits, contributing
to more older women living in poverty.
For more information or to cosponsor, please contact Yana Mayayeva with Rep. Frankel at
Yana.Mayayeva@mail.house.gov. The text of the resolution is below.
The deadline to be added as an original cosponsor is Friday, March 29.
LOIS FRANKEL ROSA DELAURO BRENDA L. LAWRENCE
Member of Congress Member of Congress Member of Congress
Recognizing the Significance of Equal Pay and the Disparity Between Wages Paid to Men and Women.
Whereas section 6(d) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206(d)(1)) prohibits discrimination in compensation for equal work on the basis
Whereas title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e et seq.) prohibits discrimination in compensation because of race, color, religion,
national origin, or sex;
Whereas over five decades after the passage of the Equal Pay Act of 1963 (29 U.S.C. 206 note), Census Bureau data show that women working full-time, year-round
are paid 80 cents for every dollar paid to men, while Asian-American women working full-time, year-round are paid 85 cents, White, non-Hispanic women working full-time, year-round are paid 77 cents, African-American women working full-time, year-round are
paid 61 cents, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander women working full-time, year-round are paid 59 cents, American Indian and Alaska Native women working full-time, year-round are paid 58 cents, and Hispanic women working full-time, year-round are paid 53
cents compared to White, non-Hispanic men;
Whereas April 2, 2019 is Equal Pay Day, marking the day that symbolizes how far into 2019 women must work to make what men were paid in 2018 alone, and March 5 is Asian American and Pacific Islander Women’s Equal Pay Day, April 19
is White Women’s Equal Pay Day, August 22 is Black Women’s Equal Pay Day, September 23 is Native Women’s Equal Pay Day, and November 20 is Latinas’ Equal Pay Day;
Whereas if current trends continue, on average, women will have to wait 40 years for equal pay, while African-American women will wait 100 years, and Hispanic women will wait 205 years;
Whereas the disparity in median annual earnings for women and men working full-time, year-round is $10,169, which can add up to more than $400,000 over a career, and an estimated more than $1,000,000 in lost income for millennial
Whereas women’s median earnings are less than men’s at every level of academic achievement, with women with less than a high school diploma earning 77 percent of men’s earnings, and women with an advanced degree earning 74 percent
of men’s earnings at the same level of education;
Whereas women are often paid less than men with lower levels of education, with women with associate’s degrees paid less than men with just a high school diploma, and women with master’s degrees paid less than men with bachelor’s
Whereas in the United States, mothers are breadwinners in half of families with children under 18, and mothers working full-time are paid 71 percent as much as fathers;
Whereas median pay for women with disabilities was 72 percent that of men with disabilities;
Whereas the gender wage gap collectively costs women employed full-time in the United States more than $900,000,000,000 in annual lost wages, meaning families have less money to spend on goods and services that help drive economic
Whereas if the annual gender wage gap were eliminated, on average, a working woman in the United States would have enough money for approximately fourteen more months of child care, ten additional months of rent, seven additional
months of mortgage payments, the full cost of tuition and fees for a two-year community college, eight additional months of premiums for employer-based health insurance, or up to 8.4 additional years of birth control;
Whereas women hold two-thirds of the nation’s $1.4 trillion outstanding student loan debt, totaling over $890,000,000,000, and are less likely to be able to pay off their student loan debt promptly due to wage disparities;
Whereas the wage gap impacts women’s ability to save for retirement and women’s total Social Security and pension benefits, and older women are more likely than men to live in poverty;
Whereas sex discrimination in education, hiring, and promotion has played a role in maintaining a workforce segregated by sex;
Whereas sex-based wage differentials—
(1) depress employee wages and living standards necessary for their health and well-being;
(2) reduce family incomes and contribute to the higher poverty rates among women and their families; and
(3) prevent the effective and maximum utilization of available labor resources;
Whereas a wage gap exists in nearly every occupational field, but opening traditionally male jobs to women and reducing occupational segregation by sex increases earnings for women;
Whereas nearly two-thirds of workers paid the minimum wage or less are women and the concentration of women in low-wage jobs is a significant contributor to the wage gap;
Whereas the gender wage gap among union women and men is about half the size of the wage gap among non-union workers, and women union members typically earn $224 more per week than women who are not represented by unions;
Whereas as much as 38 percent of the wage gap is unexplained by observable factors such as variation in educational attainment, industry and occupation, and may reflect discrimination;
Whereas two-thirds of private sector workers report that employers either prohibit or discourage them from discussing their pay, which can keep the existence of pay discrimination hidden and prevent remedying that discrimination;
Whereas the lack of family-friendly policies, such as access to affordable, quality child care, paid family and medical leave, paid sick days, and fair and predictable work schedules, forces many caregivers to choose between providing
for their families financially and ensuring their loved ones receive quality care, and contributes to the wage gap;
Whereas 60 to 70 percent of women have been on the receiving end of sexual harassment during their careers, and an estimated 87 to 94 percent of those who experience sexual harassment never file a formal complaint;
Whereas workplace harassment forces many women to leave their occupation or industry, or pass up opportunities for advancement, and this contributes to the gender wage gap;
Whereas equal pay strengthens the economic security of families and enhances retirement savings;
Whereas when women are paid fairly, families are stronger, businesses prosper, and American values and the economy are strengthened;
Whereas if women in the United States received equal pay with comparable men, poverty for working women would be reduced by half and the economy would add $512,000,000,000 annually, based on a 2017 analysis; and
Whereas numerous national organizations have designated Tuesday, April 2, 2019, as Equal Pay Day to represent the additional time that women must work to compensate for the average 20 percent lower wages paid to women last year:
Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That Congress recognizes the disparity between wages paid to women and men, and its impact on women, families, and the Nation, and reaffirms its commitment to supporting equal pay
for equal work and working to narrow the gender wage gap.
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