John Ratcliffe

From the office of:

John Ratcliffe

Sending Office: Honorable John Ratcliffe
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Become an Original Cosponsor of the Peter, Ellie, and Grayson Victims of Illegal Criminal Entry (VOICES) Act of 2019


Original Cosponsors: Matt Gaetz, Andy Biggs, Mo Brooks, Brian Babin

Supporting Organizations: Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) and NumbersUSA

Dear Colleague:

On March 31, 2016, Peter Hacking, a lawful immigrant to the United States and a volunteer firefighter, picked up his two children, 4-year old Ellie and 22-month old Grayson, on the way back to their home in Lavon, TX.
Margarito Quintero Rosales, an illegal alien driving without a drivers license, crashed into their car, killing all three.

Rosales received a two year state prison sentence for criminally negligent homicide and was scheduled to be released into ICE custody, and then deported shortly thereafter. Under existing law, his sentence for criminally negligent homicide counted towards
his sentence for his crime of illegal reentry following a prior deportation.

Furthermore, the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals in United States v. Rojas-Lunas interpreted 8 U.S.C. 1326, the criminal statute that imposes penalties for unlawful reentry, to prohibit consideration of crimes committed after unlawful reentry
following a prior deportation.

Several changes to existing immigration and criminal sentencing guidelines are needed to ensure that this never happens again.
That is why I am reintroducing the VOICES Act, which addresses these existing loopholes in the U.S. Code that allow illegal aliens like Rosales to receive little to no punishment for their crimes.

The VOICES Act accomplishes this goal in several ways. First, this bill directs the U.S. Sentencing Commission to provide that unlawful presence in the United States must be considered an aggravating factor for any Federal Criminal offense, including crimes
committed after unlawful reentry.

Second, this bill prohibits concurrent sentencing for federal immigration crimes and state crimes, and provides that no time served in a state facility may count towards the prison sentence for a crime under our illegal immigration statutes. Finally, this
bill closes the loophole in 8 U.S.C. 1326 by finally allowing prosecutors to consider crimes committed after unlawful reentry.

As long as existing gaps in our immigration laws remain in place, there will be more tragedies and loved ones lost.
We owe it to the victims’ family members to ensure that criminal illegal aliens do not continue to fall through the cracks of our criminal justice system. If you have any questions or would like to sign on as an original cosponsor, please
contact Ebbie Yazdani (




John Ratcliffe

Member of Congress

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