Sending Office: Honorable Earl Blumenauer
Sent By:

Cosponsors: Bonamici, Clarke, Lowenthal, O’Rourke, Veasey

Dear Colleague:

With state election systems facing constant external threats, the integrity of our elections is more vulnerable than ever. Despite clear evidence of foreign interference in the 2016 election, and ongoing attempts to influence the 2018 election, Congress
has refused to take the basic steps needed to protect our democracy from cyberattacks.

Senator Wyden and I have introduced the Protecting American Votes and Elections (PAVE) Act of 2018. This commonsense legislation mandates paper ballots and routine, post-election “risk-limiting” audits for all federal electionsto ensure confidence
in the election result. These protections employ statistical methods to deliver a high level of confidence in an election result and allow election officials to manually tally the votes if there is any question about outside interference.

Across the country, five states currently rely on paperless voting machines, 13 states use paperless machines in at least some jurisdictions, and 22 states do not require any form of post-election audits. More concerning, there are no existing mandatory
federal cybersecurity standards. The PAVE Act is the least intrusive way to secure federal elections: it doesn’t require federal election officials on the ground, doesn’t regulate voting technology manufacturers, and doesn’t impose cybersecurity standards
on state election bodies. It uses statistical methods to ensure accuracy and minimize cost to taxpayers.

If you would like to cosponsor the PAVE Act, please contact Jon Bosworth ( in my office.



Earl Blumenauer
Member of Congress
Related Legislative Issues

Selected legislative information: Consumer Affairs, Elections, Government, Intelligence, Technology

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