Sending Office: Honorable James P. McGovern
Sent By:

Current signatures (68): James P. McGovern, Eliot L. Engel, Norma J. Torres, Henry
C. “Hank” Johnson, Jr. (GA), John Lewis (GA), Rosa L. DeLauro, Jan Schakowsky, Eleanor Holmes Norton, David N. Cicilline, Michael E. Capuano, Yvette D. Clarke (NY), Gwen Moore, Paul D. Tonko, John A. Yarmuth, Keith Ellison, José E. Serrano, Mark Pocan, Joseph
Crowley, Peter Welch, Anna G. Eshoo, Zoe Lofgren, Tim Ryan (OH), Luis V. Gutiérrez, Bobby L. Rush, Ro Khanna, Donald S. Beyer, Jr., Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Danny K. Davis (IL), Pramila Jayapal, Barbara Lee, Earl Blumenauer, Alan S. Lowenthal, Emanuel Cleaver,
II, Mark DeSaulnier, Bill Pascrell, Jr., Matt Cartwright, Carol Shea-Porter, Dina Titus, Ruben Gallego, Adriano Espaillat, Nita M. Lowey, Peter A. DeFazio, Jamie Raskin, Nydia M. Velázquez, Steve Cohen, Gregory W. Meeks, David E. Price (NC), Frank Pallone,
Jr., Richard E. Neal, Raul M. Grijalva, Jackie Speier, Mike Quigley, Kathy Castor, Donald M. Payne, Jr., Anthony G. Brown (MD), Robin L. Kelly (IL), Chellie Pingree, Grace F. Napolitano, Colleen Hanabusa, Robert A. Brady (PA), Lucille Roybal-Allard (CA), Robert
C. “Bobby” Scott (VA), Daniel W. Lipinski (IL), Karen Bass (CA), Beto O’Rourke, Suzanne Bonamici, Sander M. Levin, Eddie Bernice Johnson (TX) 


Call on the State Department to Protect

Colombian Human Rights Defenders and Social Leaders

Dangerous Escalation of Targeted Murders

Dear Colleague,

We ask you to join us in expressing concern to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo about the accelerating rate of murders of Colombian human rights defenders and community-based social
leaders. Please join us on the letter below outlining this urgent situation and recommending actions the U.S. and Colombian governments might take to address it.

We would like to bring to your attention
two articles released this week regarding the grave peril facing these human rights and social leaders, especially in rural areas. On May 1st, the Guardian published
“2017 Deadliest Year on Record for Human Rights Defenders in Colombia,”
. And on April 30th, the Norwegian Refugee Council reported
“Violence continues to displace Colombians,”

In the past, Colombian authorities, with U.S. support, have been able to reduce targeted murders, levels of violence and strengthen protections for those most at risk. What is most
needed to interrupt the recurring spiral of killings is vigorous prosecution of those who orchestrate and order such targeted murders, dismantling the economic and criminal structures that empower them, and increased presence of the state in regions previously
contested or formerly under guerrilla control.

To sign onto the letter, please contact Cindy Buhl (McGovern) at 5-6101 or
The deadline to join the letter is COB Thursday, May 17th.


James P. McGovern Eliot L. Engel Norma J. Torres John Lewis

Member of Congress Member of Congress Member of Congress Member of Congress

Jan Schakowsky Rosa L. DeLauro Henry C. “Hank” Johnson, Jr.

Member of Congress Member of Congress Member of Congress


Dear Secretary of State Pompeo,

We write with great urgency to express concern about the accelerating rate of murders of social leaders and human rights defenders in Colombia. We respectfully call upon you to ensure
that the State Department, the U.S. Agency for International Development and all other related U.S. departments and agencies are actively engaged – in word, deed and resources – in bringing the perpetrators of these crimes to justice. We further call upon
you to protect these national and local leaders, their families and communities and ensure that these attacks do not undermine or debilitate the implementation of Colombia’s historic peace accords. We emphasize that this human rights priority is essential
to the national security and economic interests of both the United States and Colombia.

Colombian human rights defenders and social leaders have increasingly been targeted for assassination. According to data from the Colombia Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for
Human Rights (UNHRO), attacks against human rights defenders in Colombia have increased by thirty percent over the past year. In its 2017 report, UNHRO-Colombia reported 121 killings, whose fatalities included 84 human rights defenders with leadership roles,
23 members of social and political movements, and 14 people killed during social protests. Colombia’s Human Rights Ombudsman (Defensoría del Pueblo) recorded between January 2016 and the end of February
2018 a total of 282 murders of social leaders and human rights defenders in the country, including 22 during the first two months of 2018. During the first two and a half months of 2018, the Colombian human rights group,
Somos Defensores, cited 27 killings.

This means that a Colombian social leader is murdered every two and a half days. On March 27th,
the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) expressed its concern over the high number of murders of human rights defenders and social leaders registered this year in Colombia and urged the Colombian government to take urgent measures to protect
human rights defenders and social leaders.

As you know from Deputy Secretary of State Sullivan’s recent visit to the region, Colombia will soon hold a presidential election, and it is implementing a complex peace accord that
ended more than 52 years of conflict with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Between the 1970s and the 2000s, thousands of political party candidates, rural leaders, labor organizers and other social leaders were murdered. The peace accord
is predicated on the idea that all Colombian citizens can participate in politics and social projects without fear of violence or being killed.

It is vital that Colombia demonstrate that activists and competing political actors can engage safely in political and social discourse. If targeted murders continue unabated, they
will likely contribute to increased violence. That would be a blow to U.S. economic, trade and national security interests in Colombia and Latin America, and a major setback to decades of U.S. investments to strengthen Colombian civil society and judicial
systems and promote respect for basic human rights.

For these reasons, the recent explosion in attacks and killings of social leaders is of utmost concern. Many local leaders who lived for years in territory under guerrilla control
have now begun to raise their voices. Ominously, they face efforts to silence and terrorize them. Whether coordinated or not, these attacks are happening throughout the country. Among the individuals and groups who appear to be most targeted are:

  • People denouncing human rights abuses or acts of corruption in their communities.
  • Indigenous and Afro-Colombian leaders seeking to assert their communities’ cultural, collective land and property rights.
  • Participants in non-violent progressive and grassroots political movements, whose physical integrity and right of participation are guaranteed by the peace accord.
  • Land rights advocates, small farmers and families trying to recover land that was stolen or violently usurped by illegal armed groups during the conflict. In many cases those targeting them are the
    current occupants of that land, or the locally prominent and politically connected individuals for whom they serve as stand-ins and who use illegal armed groups or hired assassins to carry out their bidding.
  • Leaders of “Community Action Boards,” local advisory councils established by a 1960s law. Violent groups and local bosses often view these Boards as a threat to their authority.
  • People and campesino association members participating in crop substitution programs mandated by the peace accord to help communities stop growing coca, which is central to advancing anti-narcotics
    efforts and generating alternatives to the illegal coca economy. In effect, they are being killed for their support of government crop substitution and rural reform policies.

According to the UNHRO and credible Colombian and international human rights organizations, the masterminds and perpetrators of these killings represent a
specific group of actors: paramilitary or organized crime groups; smaller guerrilla groups like the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN); remnants of former guerrilla organizations that resisted demobilization; those who control or benefit from local drug
trafficking, illegal mining, extortion and other illegal activities; and large landowners and regional special interests who use violence against political rivals, small farmers they seek to dispossess of land, and independent leaders and social organizations
in order to maintain their authority and control.

In the past, Colombian authorities have shown that when it is important to them to lower the number of such killings, they are capable of doing so. And, while
physical protection is important for those facing the highest known level of risks, it is expensive and impractical to provide it for every individual under threat.

For these reasons, protection mechanisms must be combined with other decisive action. First and most importantly is to swiftly bring to justice those who
plan and orchestrate these murders, and not just the “triggermen” who execute the killings. Second, is for Colombian authorities at all levels to send clear, public and consistent messages that perpetrators, collaborators and beneficiaries of these crimes
will face consequences. Third, is to dismantle illegal and violent armed actors that continue to murder and attack social leaders and the economic structures that support them. Fourth, is for the Colombian authorities to establish security and functioning
state resources and presence in regions vacated by the FARC guerrillas, as required by the peace accords. And fifth, is for Colombia to achieve a complete peace by advancing the Quito peace process with the ELN, understanding that successful negotiations require
good faith and the commitment to end violence and conflict on the part of the ELN.

We strongly urge the State Department and USAID to provide the resources and necessary support for Colombia to achieve these objectives, including pressing
the current Colombian government and its successor to make these actions a priority
. Congress has provided ample funds in FY 2018 for Colombia for these purposes and others.
This should include more vigorous support for and insistence on results by the special units and mechanisms within the Attorney General’s Office and those mandated by the peace accords to address paramilitary violence and the dismantling of criminal and other
violent structures. It should also include continued support and more demonstrated results on the ground from the Department of Labor’s International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB), which has advanced labor rights and protections; and the State Department’s Race,
Ethnicity and Social Inclusion Unit (RESIU) and the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL), which play an integral role in assessing the ongoing labor, human rights and civil rights challenges confronting Afro-Colombian and Indigenous communities.

More specifically, we urge the State Department and USAID to provide more resources for investigations, prosecutions and protection and to guarantee full
compliance with the U.S. conditions on military assistance to Colombia
. This should include increased support to the UNHRO-Colombia, the Human rights Ombudsman (Defensoría
del Pueblo)
, the Inspector General (Procuraduría), the Interior Ministry’s National Protection Unit, and the Attorney General’s Office (Fiscalía
) in the form of technology, technical support, aid for administrative salaries and logistical expenses so they can increase their coverage throughout the country. It is especially important that within the Attorney General’s Office that
the Special Unit to Dismantle Organized Crime and Paramilitary Successor Groups and the Human Rights Unit demonstrate concrete results.

The State Department and USAID should direct and coordinate with other U.S. departments and agencies, including the Defense Department, to prioritize ending
the murders of social leaders and human rights defenders so that the U.S. Government speaks with one voice
and is publicly seen by all sectors inside Colombia to be engaged
on all fronts to address this priority.

The U.S. might also determine how best it can support and advance the elite corps of National Police, formed by the peace accord, the unit which has been
responsible for most arrests so far of alleged material authors or “triggermen.”

Finally, when the National Commission for Security Guarantees, also created by the peace accord, develops its action plan to address paramilitary networks
responsible for many of these killings, the State Department and USAID should determine how best to support the Commission, Colombian authorities, and civil society in achieving the plan’s objectives.

People getting away with murder must know that there are and will be consequences to their actions. It is critical for Colombia’s present and future that
it demonstrates it is a country where one can freely and openly engage in non-violent political and social action without the risk of assassination.

Please know that we stand ready to work with you to advance these measures and achieve these goals as quickly as possible.


Members of Congress

Related Legislative Issues

Selected legislative information: Appropriations, Foreign Affairs

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