Sending Office: Honorable Michael R. Turner
Request for Cosponsor(s)
Cosponsor H.R. 2069, the Fostering Stable Housing Opportunities Act
Current Cosponsors (23): Kildee (MI-05); Langevin (RI-02); Marino (PA-10); Hill (AR-02); Moore (WI-04); Bass (CA-37); Stivers (OH-15); Cicilline (RI-04); Hastings (FL-20); Cole
(OK-02); Knight (CA-25); Evans (PA-02); Davis (IL-07); Comstock (VA-10); Faso (NY-19); Meeks (NY-05); MacArthur (NJ-03); Bacon (NE-02); Raskin (MD-08); Peters (CA-52); Renacci (OH-16); Upton (MI-06); Khanna (CA-17)
Senate Companion — Leads: Grassley (IA); Stabenow (MI)
Cosponsors (5): King (ME); Kaine (VA); Franken (MN); Scott (SC); Klobuchar (MN)
Endorsed in the 114th / 115th Congress by: National Center for Housing and Child Welfare; Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption; Family Focused Treatment Association (FFTA); Ohio Association
of Child Caring Agencies; Lighthouse Youth Services (Ohio); Center of Vocational Alternatives (COVA) (Ohio); Ohio Youth Advisory Board (YAB) leadership; Alumni of Care Together Improving Outcomes Now (ACTION) Ohio leadership; Central Missouri Foster Care
& Adoption Association
Did You Know?
Foster Youth + Homelessness
- As many as 37% of foster care alumni have experienced homelessness. A much greater proportion have faced housing instability – e.g., couch surfing, frequent housing changes, and eviction
- Almost half the homeless youth across the country have previously been in foster care.
- Homeless adults disproportionately report foster care experiences.
- Among the homeless population in Minnesota, 53% of those age 24 or younger had out-of-home placements (such as foster care, group home, and treatment facilities) as a child.
- Nationally, 50% of the homeless population spent time in foster care.
- More than two-fifths of foster youth experienced enduring housing problems in the 2 years following their exit from foster care.
- Many foster youth experience enduring patterns of precarious housing; one-fifth of the adolescents taking part in one study experienced chronic homelessness.
Foster Care Alumni + Public Housing Assistance
- Only 38% of alumni who experienced homelessness applied for public housing
- Of those who did not apply, half said it was because they did not know how
- In one poll, 42% who applied for public housing stated that they were denied services.
Negative Consequences associated with lack of stable housing after “aging out”
- Education & Training Falters: Low rates of high school graduation, post-secondary enrollment, and vocational attainment; 6 times less likely to attain a post-secondary degree by age 26.
- Exposure to Crime + Risky Behavior: Faced with homelessness, couch-surfing, and frequent moves, aged out youth encounter common challenges including violence, drug abuse, and prostitution.
- Lower Earnings + Higher Joblessness Rates compared to young adults within similar age range, even when controlling for other important factors, such as socioeconomic status prior to age 18.
- Human Trafficking Victims: Research has documented a high percentage of trafficked children and youth who spent time in foster care before being exploited.
Increased Cost to Society
- A “typical” young adult receives $44,500 worth of support from parents after reaching age 18. Foster youth lose access to almost all supports upon aging out, generally at age 18 or 21.
- Failure to take action to improve outcomes for foster youth will cost states $5.7 Billion for each cohort of youth aging out of foster care in a given year, including:
- $4.8B in criminal justice-related costs;
- $116M in costs stemming from unplanned parenthood; and
- $749M in loss of earnings due to foster youth’s lower rates of education & vocational attainment
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