Sending Office: Honorable Ted Poe
I encourage you to sign on to my letter asking President Trump to designate and sanction the Muslim Brotherhood under Executive Order 13224 rather than as a Foreign Terrorist Organization. The Executive Order designation would allow the U.S. to be more targeted
in our approach, which is important because certain factions of the Muslim Brotherhood are non-violent political organizations. However the E.O. also gives the President the power to impose relevant statutory sanctions against those Muslim Brotherhood group
as that do engage in violent terrorist acts. The full text of the letter is below. If you have any questions or would like to sign on to the letter please reach out to Oren Adaki at
Member of Congress
June XX, 2017
Dear Mr. President:
Recent reports have indicated that your administration is considering designating the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO). While I fully support penalizing elements of the Muslim Brotherhood or certain groups that have ideological
origins in the Muslim Brotherhood for their role in carrying out terrorist attacks, using the FTO designation could prove challenging. Instead, I respectfully recommend you designate and sanction those groups that have historical linkages to the Muslim Brotherhood
and today promote violence or directly engage in terrorist activities under section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224 of September 24, 2001.
As a Member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, I am deeply concerned about terrorism and violence carried out by groups that have historical linkages to the Muslim Brotherhood in the Middle East. However, I am also aware that certain factions of the
Muslim Brotherhood embrace politics over violence. The evolution of the Muslim Brotherhood across multiple countries and political environments as well as the lack of a central command structure or consistent ideology further complicates the process of designating
them as a FTO. While some may identify as members of the same global movement, Muslim Brotherhood affiliates operate independently and distinctly from one another. For instance, some groups with linkages to the MB in Syria, Libya, and Yemen appear to have
connections to jihadist organizations. In the West Bank and Gaza, HAMAS is a designated FTO. We know that in Egypt, terrorist organizations like The Revolution Brigade (Liwaa al-Thawra) and Arms of Egypt Movement (HASM) which have their origins in the Muslim
Brotherhood have claimed responsibility for recent attacks.
Conversely, the Muslim Brotherhood Tunisia, the Renaissance Party (Ennahda) repeatedly renounces violence, constructively participates in the democratically elected government and demonstrates respect for the peaceful transfer of political power. In Morocco,
the Justice and Development Party (PJD) is the largest party in Parliament and is the party of the Prime Minister. In Algeria, the Movement of Society and Peace (MSP) is likely to be the largest opposition bloc in Parliament following upcoming elections in
If the proposed FTO designation of the Muslim Brotherhood fails due to this complex landscape, then the groups with historical linkages to the Muslim Brotherhood that are terrorists could falsely claim that they are nonviolent, potentially complicating future
U.S. action. Conversely, a blanket Muslim Brotherhood designation that makes no distinction between the peaceful, legitimate groups and those using terror tactics may undermine democratic processes across the region, marginalize large segments of Muslim populations,
and be harmful to our ability to recruit allies in the fight against terror, thereby undermining U.S. national security interests.
Fortunately, the U.S. has other tools with which to sanction those groups that have historical linkages to the Muslim Brotherhood and today promote violence or directly engage in terrorist activities. The authorities under Executive Order 13224 give your
administration the power to levy the relevant statutory sanctions against individual entities that are engaged in terrorist activities, and to do so one by one. I believe that this route will yield your administration the desired effects while mitigating the
risks associated with the FTO designation.
I commend your leadership on this important matter to U.S. national security and urge you to consider designation of those groups that have historical linkages to the Muslim Brotherhood and today promote violence or directly engage in terrorist activities
pursuant to Executive Order 13224. We must not yield in our fight against terrorists. But a targeted form of designation will garner better results and avoid potential complications.
Member of Congress
e-Dear Colleague version 2.0